Citizen Journalism: Verified or Violated?

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao

     Citizen journalism has been a fruitful product of digitalization since news, knowledge and information has reached not only nation borders but international territories as well. Video-sharing platforms has been a good avenue for citizen journalists and news organizations to produce informative and in-depth content that viewers can appreciate. Ironically, with the continuous progression of citizen journalism, questions like “does reliable fact-checking exist” since news organizations would tend to air their reports real-time do they have an ample time to verify these facts and do they check if videos being contributed are attributed properly and does not violate copyright issues. Although restricted rules still aren’t mandated in citizen journalism, and the only thing that it would require you is your basic knowledge on writing and simple videography skills, wouldn’t it be nice that these contributors (citizen journalists) have enough training, not rigid but sufficient training that would equip them the necessary knowledge that real journalists practice – truth, objectivity and accuracy should always be practiced and known even though you are not journalist by profession. Indeed, citizen journalism is unstoppable and while it offers great interactivity and have accessed numerous information portals, there will always perils along the way.

Photo by: Amazonaws


The Legend of the Blue Sea: A Romance Deeper Than the Ocean

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao


     Uncover the greatest love story that conquered the oceans. Heo Joon Jae and Shim Cheong’s love for each other was weaved by the most tragic circumstances unimaginable, but characterized by a triumphant courage that earned them their own “happy ever after”.

     A myriad of Korean dramas have been trying their best not only to snag the highest ratings in the television scene but also to make everyone’s hearts flutter and immortalize the concept of believing in true love. Undeniably throughout the years they have been successful in doing such as they give high-quality drama series that viewers get addicted with hence creating multiple fan bases all over world since Korean dramas are also aired internationally.

     There’s something about Korean dramas that makes them appealing to the soul and remarkable to the memory- armed with unforgettable lines, heavy drama that makes you cry so hard, hilarious stints that never fail to make you burst into laughter and the undeniable “kilig” that comes naturally from the main actors that makes you scream and run out of oxygen whenever you decide to ditch review time for your exams and enjoy the pleasures of a K-Drama marathon. Korean dramas have the unparalleled gift ability to weave and narrate compelling stories that makes one think about life and at the same time change a person’s perspective towards the world, love, family and friendship.

     SBS’ recently concluded offering, The Legend of the Blue Sea written by the critically-acclaimed Park Ji Eun (writer of 2013-2014 blockbuster, My Love From The Star) which stars Korean superstars Lee Min-Ho and Jun Ji-Hyun didn’t deviate from the unusual plot as it enhanced the juxtaposition of history and reality aiming to unravel a new romantic scheme portraying an impossible-love story between a human and a mermaid. The series bravely answer the questions “is love enough to change one’s predicted tragedy?”, “can love last longer than a lifetime despite the inevitability of death?” and “is love strong enough to challenge reality and make the impossible, possible?” After being absorbed into the world of Heo Joon Jae and Shim Cheong, you come to realize that “love is indeed enough to change fate, it can last more than a lifetime and it is strong enough to make the impossible possible.”



     The story begins in Heupgok-hyun, Gangwan-do kingdom circa August, 1598 (Joseon Era) where Lord Yang (played by Sung Dong-Il ) resides as he exploits riches and manipulates the townspeople with authority and power. After a raging storm, his men were able to capture Se Hwa (played by Jun Ji-Hyun) a mermaid who was beyond beautiful in the eyes of everyone and was believed to extract golden oil that was priceless when sold. Dam Ryeong (played by Lee Min-Ho) son of a magistrate and was the newly appointed town head – he felt an immediate spark and connection as soon as he saw the captured mermaid. He finds a way to release the mermaid by emphasizing the laws violated by Lord Yang. Se Hwa was found her way back to the ocean as she reached Dam Ryeong’s hand as way of saying thank you.


     Dam-Ryeong later discovers that when he was a kid, he nearly drowned and he was saved by a young mermaid. Dam Ryeong meets the mermaid and names her Se Hwa after her younger sister. They ended up falling in love, but one day Dam-Ryeong was forced by his family to marry another woman. Devastated by the news, Se-Hwa decides to remove all Dam-Ryeong’s memories of her and their love.

                                                                                                                                                                        MERMAID MEETS MAN

     The fates of Dam-Ryeong and Se-Hwa become entwined with their modern-day incarnations. Shim Cheong (played by Jun Ji-Hyun) is a beauteous modern-day mermaid with supernatural abilities (unmatched strength, the ability to transform her tears into pearls, possessing a large appetite for food, a second voice that only Heo Joon Jae can hear and the power to erase human memories) and a pre-school level of understanding is drifted ashore in Spain, in the luxurious stay-in house of con-artist, Heo Joon Jae (played by Lee Min Ho), a handsome frustrated heir who scams people for a living. The two unexpectedly meet and get intertwined in a series of misfortunes as one of Joon Jae’s scammed clients seek revenge and plans to kill the aforementioned. After being chased by killers and gunmen who want to track Joon Jae down, Shim Cheong still in incapable of her peculiarities and understanding the real world, but Joon Jae decides to show her gallantry, respect, kindness and care and eventually becomes her guide in the frustrating modern life.


     After running away from the killers, Joon Jae shares to Shim Cheong how wonderful Seoul (Korea) is, the food, the vibrancy and the people, and he even promised Cheong that they’d watch a fireworks display. They eventually arrive at the Heracles lighthouse wherein Joon Jae expresses his misery and how much he misses his mother that abandoned him. The duo unexpectedly gets cornered in a cliff towards the open sea by the same group of men chasing Joon Jae. Shim Cheong and Joon Jae jumped underwater to escape. Cheong reveals her mermaid form and kisses Joon Jae. Cheong already felt that she was falling for Joon Jae but she knew the rule all too well: a mermaid’s kiss has the ability to erase the memories of a human being making the mermaid vanish into bubbles not leaving a single memory of hers in Joon Jae’s mind.


     Confused, Joon Jae returns to Seoul with memories of an unknown woman whom he met in Spain. He was bothered by his dreams and miraculously fragments of memories of Cheong started to resurface although they weren’t enough for Joon Jae to remember. Determined to be with the love of her life and continue the spark that was ignited in Spain, Cheong swims all the way to Seoul to find Joon Jae.


      Cheong arrives in Seoul and immediately finds Joon Jae. There were doubts and hesitations at first but he feels drawn to the nameless woman. He allows her to move in with him and gives her a name (Shim Cheong). Sooner than later, the two begin develop feelings for each other, but it was only the beginning for the worst was yet to come.



     Dam-Ryeong had already predicted that he would die because of Lord Yang’s wicked ways. Lord Yang together with his concubine spreads the gossip that Se-Hwa was the reason of the unpredictable storms and why there were misfortunes in the town. With Dam-Ryeong being romantically involved with Se-Hwa, Lord Yang captured Dam-Ryeong and vowed to have him exiled from the town. Lord Yang, unsatisfied with the exile of Dam-Ryeong, prepared his men and plotted to kill him and capture the mermaid. In mid-battle, Se-Hwa resurfaces from the water and was ensnared in a large fish net. In mid-battle, Lord Yang releases a large spear aiming towards Se-Hwa but it was Heo Chi-Hyun (played by Lee Ji-Hoon) and his Joseon incarnation that threw the another spear that hit the mark. Unable to see Se-Hwa die like that, Dam-Ryeong throws himself into the ocean and saves Se-Hwa as his heart was stabbed by the spear.


     Se-Hwa felt like life wasn’t worth living without Dam-Ryeong. She holds the spear that stabbed his lover firmly and impales her heart with the spear as well. The two tragically died, their souls as cold as the ocean but their hearts as certain as the moonlight. Thoughtfully, after the series of heartbreaking events had happened Dam-Ryeong intelligently thought of a way to warn his reincarnation. Because he feared that the same ill-fate that afflicts himself and Se-Hwa will purposely repeat itself in the future, Dam-Ryeong sends artifacts to be discovered in the future -to try and warn his future self. The artifacts include a porcelain-jar with a picture of a mermaid and a man kissing in the ocean engraved in it while the other is a painting-portrait of Dam-Ryeong with cautionary words.




     Shim Cheong finds out that her life on land is limited through a fellow merman he just met, Yoo Jeong-Hoon. She discovers that once a mermaid steps on land, her heart begins to cold down and slowly hardens and that the only way to keep her heart beating is for Heo Joon-Jae to love her back. Desperate enough, Shim Cheong does everything she can to make Joon Jae fall for her until they both agree that Joon Jae will eventually tell Cheong if his plan on liking her back is coming true. Unexpectedly, Joon Jae discovers his connection with Dam-Ryeong as his incarnation and vows to protect Cheong so that what happened with Se-Hwa and Dam-Ryeong will never happen to them. As each day passes by, Joon Jae eventually sees a large space in his heart for Cheong until they mutually feel love for each other.


   Linked by dreams and mysterious artifacts, Joon-Jae learns of Dam-Ryeong’s world and his own fate are connected. Everything was bound to happen but Joon Jae assured Shim Cheong that he will do everything he can to protect her and save their blossoming relationship. Until Heo Chi-Hyun (Joon Jae’s stepbrother) together with his mother, Kang Ji-Yeon (played by Hwang Shin-Hye) becomes greedy with wealth and position plotted to kill Joon Jae’s biological father to exploit his riches and the company he has built. Joon Jae also gets entagled with a myster-solving case aiming to capture Ma Dae-Young (Lord Yang’s reincarnation) who’s a serial killer and is romantically involved with Kang-Ji-Yeon. Just as the series makes your hearts flutter with the romantic and undeniable feelings of Shim Cheong and Heo Joon Jae towards each other, fine lines of tragedy were beginning to weave itself.

     Joon Jae’s father suddenly dies as Kang Ji-Yeon murders him with wolfs bane flowers in which anyone who digests it, the poison takes effect within a minute.  Joon Jae plans to give justice to his father by uncovering the crimes of Kang Ji-Yeon, through a setup, Kang Ji-Yeon was able to confess her crimes while Joon Jae tape-wired it intelligently. All could’ve been well as Kang Ji-Yeon and Heo Chi-Hyun were arrested, but Chi-Yun was agile enough to snatch a gun and aimed for Joon Jae. The past was bound to happen, but Shim Cheong opted not to her lover die, so she takes the bullet for Joon Jae.



     With the tragic happenings, Kang Ji-Yeon is arrested and Heo Chi-Yun takes his own life by drinking the poison his mother made. Shim Cheong receives surgery due to extreme blood loss and because the bullet went through her heart’s right and left ventricle but miraculously recovers due to her superhuman abilities. Ma Dae-Young is also arrested and is bound to be locked-up in prison for the rest of his life.

     As the events suddenly interlace beautifully- a happy ending is fittingly deserved by our protagonists but there was a tiny complication: Shim Cheong’s heart isn’t stable and she needs to return to ocean to recuperate and regain her strength. If she remains in land, she might die. Shim Cheong tells his heartbreaking plan to Joon Jae, and convinced enough, Joon Jae lets her do so because he can’t afford to just watch Shim Cheong fatally die. Shim Cheong confesses that she might not return forever but Joon Jae assured Cheong that his love is longer than his lifetime, and if she couldn’t make it back, Joon Jae wittingly suggested that they will be both born again and return to their old routes, and in that way they can see each other and love each other again.


    Heo Joon Jae courageously gives Shim Cheong the option whether to erase their memories or not – hence she kisses Joon Jae goodbye absorbing every little bit of memory of hers in his. She also meets up everyone she met in her entire stay in Seoul and erased their memories as well.


     Three years passed, Heo Joon Jae becomes a public prosecutor eventually turning his back on scamming. Despite his success, he feels that something is missing – that a piece of him needs to be complete because a beautiful woman keeps bothering him in his dreams. With nothing to answer his questions, he just tears up and says he misses “her”. He would lock up in his rooms and visit the ocean every sunset.

     With Shim Cheong fully recovered, she decides to return ashore to check if Joon Jae is doing well. Finding herself in a tour bus, she returns to Seoul and sees Heo Joon Jae after a very long time. Heo Joon Jae denies knowing Cheong and leaves. Shim Cheong was left broken and decides to follow him hoping that Joon Jae still has feelings for her despite of his impaired memory. About to surrender, Joon Jae appears and confesses that there was never a day that he forgot Cheong. In the past three years, Joon Jae tried his best to read all of his written entries in his diary (memories of Cheong he wrote in his diary long before she erased his memories) .He also says that she may have erased most of his memories, but his body remembers her and she was always engraved in his heart. The two got back in each other’s arms and Joon Jae promised that day that he will never let Shim Cheong slip away from his arms, memories and heart ever again. The two got married and Shim Cheong became pregnant. They are happily residing in a wonderful home near the calm and placid ocean.


     Their story didn’t only prove that love can change everything, even one’s destiny, it can always last a lifetime because death doesn’t put an end to love nor does forgotten memories – love will always find a way to survive despite the ugliest circumstances that inevitably arise and most of all, love is an unexplored possibility that can turn the unimaginable, imaginable.


     With its final episode aired last January 25, everyone was left with hearts aflutter as the legend ended strikingly. It is an out-of-body experience to be watching a series that gave a deliciously painful concept of how one’s fate may turn out beautifully or tragically and at the same time instill in the minds of viewers how powerful true love can be -leaving the most important lesson in our hearts. The series renewed everyone’s perspective about the world and has established a universal truth that love doesn’t only conquer the odds, but it also survives the longest time, the deepest ocean and the farthest distance.



Disclaimer: All of the photos are originally print-screened (PrtSc + Ctrl P) by the author.

Listen to The Legend of the Blue Sea OST (Original Soundtrack) <Copy this link: >


CAS Student Council recognizes Academic Scholars

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao

College Scholars were awarded by the Guest of Honor and Speaker: Mr. Jun Arvin Gudoy, CAS SC President: Ryan Roi Domingo, CAS SC Adviser: Mr. Mark Lawrence Fernandez, CAS Student Affairs Coordinator: Ms. Maria Deleilah F. Adriatico and Student Services and Development Director: Professor Henedine A. Aguinaldo

Academic scholars and the most outstanding students of the six degree programs from the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) were awarded during the CAS Awards held at the Teatro Ilocandia last February 27.

                24 university scholars and 64 college scholars were recognized as they were awarded with certificates and medals (blue or red) respectively. It is the first time that academic scholars were recognized in the history of CAS Awards.

                Among the 24 university scholars awarded, six are from the BA-Communication (BA-COMM) program as well as the BS-Biology. Nine students from the AB English Language (ABEL), three from the BS Mathematics and four from the BA-Sociology complete the roster. Among the awardees was Aira Cassandra S. Castro, A fourth year from the BS Biology course with a general weighted average of 1.07. She was also awarded as the most outstanding BS Biology student.

                The other students who made it to the list of the most outstanding students include: Alpha Shiela Aguedan (BA-COMM), Danielle Jude Angelo Pasamonte (BA Sociology), Emerald May Madalipay (BS Mathematics), Louie John David Gutierez (BS-Computer Science) and Ryan Roi Domingo (ABEL) who’s also the Student Council (SC) President of the college were also awarded with trophies.


                Aside from awarding academic scholars and outstanding students, the CAS Student Council also launched the first ever C4CC (CAS For The Community Cause) wherein the different academic organizations presented proposals that tackled societal issues as well as encouraging development and change. The Biological Circle and the Philippine League of Sociology Students (PLSS) were qualified for the final round during the pre-finals last February 24. After the finals, PLSS won as the first ever C4CC victor.

THE C4CC winners: The Philippine League of Sociology Students delivering their presentation during the final round.

                Ryan Roi Domingo, the SC President said that it was a night full of success. “It’s but right to honor and recognize the excellence of CAS Students especially those who have shown an exemplary performance in their academics as well as those who’ve carried the name of the college with pride in the different contested activities outside the university as well as the national arena. Tonight was a success since we celebrated the success of CAS.”

Credits: Photos were taken from Janna Mae Bumanglag (First Photo, Uppermost) & Mr. Mark Lawrence Fernandez (Second Photo, C4CC)




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Pollution is a product of our insensitive acts towards the environment. According to statistics, every year we dump a massive 2.12 billion tons of waste. If all this waste was put on trucks they would go around the world 24 times (The World Counts). Repetitiously, we become too dependent towards garbage trucks and collectors or simply burn it together with dried leaves to lessen the garbage we have at home.

Even though garbage bags and trash bins exist, we tend to litter everywhere-whenever we like. We never fear the consequences. Environmental degradation in land is an effect of improper garbage disposal, what could be worse is when we throw our garbage in bodies of water which can contaminate as well as suffocate the species living in it.

The accumulated garbage can even produce air pollution since it is a mixture of junk and filthy rubbish that can give a displeasing scent and aura to the environment. Through improper garbage disposal, we are only increasing the chances of destroying nature’s incredible beauty.We are given the responsibility to change our old habits and change the environment’s current situation.

If change doesn’t start among us, then our environment wouldn’t change as well.

Sources: The World Counts (n.d) Tons of waste dumped this year. Retrieved from

MMSU and NCCA produces historical theater play

Sam Cadiente (CTE) plays General Antonio Luna in this theatrical production.

Last February 14, 2017, Mariano Marcos State University collaborated with the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) in giving life and color to the one of Ilocos Norte’s pride and patriots- General Antonio Luna through a spectacular theater performance titled Taga-Ilog: Heneral Luna.

The theater play featured homegrown talents from the university. Among the roster of these talented artists is Sam Cadiente from the College of Teacher Education (CTE) who plays the title role. According to him, he was more than proud playing General Luna. Furthermore, he shared that there were struggles that he encountered during the preparations for the said play, “I always practice in our house despite the fact that a lot of our neighbors are starting to get irritated. When they call for practice, I would always urge myself to go since every rehearsal would feel incomplete without me. For the trailer, we started on December 27 but for the full production, we started four weeks before this actual performance.”

The play was initiated by the Guidance Counselor of the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), Mr. Rodel Reyes. He confessed that this was a project that took two years in the making. “If I’m not mistaken, it was May of 2014 when the project was started when I called a certain group of artists in CAS. The group of that time is Miriam E. Pascua (former President of the University together with the Assistant Secretary of DOST. They gathered the group. The first idea is for teachers together with the student but given the situation that we have, it was decided that the play will only feature students. So after that, we have a continuous communication unitl they signed the MOA on September 8, 2016 and I told them there is a problem with the transition that we have June to August and they give us the extension of the project. Then finally, it has been launched today.”


Director Edward Perez from the Artists Incorporated of the Research Training Institute was one of the persons who helped Mr. Rodel Reyes in the success of conducting the play. Furthermore, Mr. Reyes stressed that the primary purpose of this theater play is to revive and celebrate the memory of Antonio Luna’s 150th Birthday which falls every 29th of October.

The show was visited by one of the representatives of the NCCA, Jason Septimo. He shared that it was actually the National Committee of Dramatic Arts that chose MMSU as the venue to stage the play. The admission of the play was free since it was funded by the government, “We would like to reach out to more students and more Ilocanos, so they would know the story of General Antonio Luna,” Septimo added.


The theatrical production was under developed and organized by the musical director of the show, Ms. Maybelline Sta. Maria from CTE. She was proud enough to share that the songs used in the play were original compositions and that the students were helpful since they were all interested and inclined to music. Overall, she was satisfied with the performance of the students during the first run, “For amateurs like them? Definitely? I can see that we still have a lot of things to work on especially the props. Hopefully if there is a sustainable budget then we can instantly improve and change things.”

The show ended flawlessly as people applauded with appreciation. Evaluation forms were distributed after the play asking the audience to rate the theatrical production in terms of the venue, props, performance and other aspects. The theatrical production is rumored to continue in UP Los Baños this March. MMSU has once again proven that it isn’t only home of globally-competitive individuals, but also it is home to countless talented students.


Regional CHR conducts community- based discussion on death penalty

Region 1 Commission on Human Rights Director, Atty. Harold C. Cobraon ponders on current issues relevant to death penalty.

The University Training Center (UTC) catered interested students in a one of a kind community-based dialogue regarding death penalty conducted by the Regional Commission on Human Rights (CHR) last February 10, 2017.


The day started with a registration wherein pamphlets about human rights were distributed among the participants. An opening program shortly followed as the Students Services and Development (SSD) Director, Professor Henedine A. Aguinaldo welcomed everyone with her speech, emphasizing that MMSU became an awardee because it served as a human rights advocate under the leadership of Dr. Marivic M. Alimbuyuguen. Prof. Aguinaldo also encouraged students to play an active role in participating during the discussion. A roll call of participating students from five of the different university campuses in Batac commenced after.


The first speaker, Attorney Harold C. Cobraon the Regional CHR Director gave bits of information about relative current events that are extremely relevant to death penalty. He expounded on the human’s right to life as basis of what the CHR fights for: the strong opposition of death penalty. He also gave the grounds for death penalty such as committing heinous like violating the anti-dangerous drug law. He also shared during his speech that plunder and bribery are removed as crimes punishable by death. Cobraon also pointed out that an effective law enforcement, impartial access to redress mechanism and courts and a responsive penal system is how justice can be attained. Furthermore, in his presentation alternatives of death penalty were suggested such as developing a credible justice, focusing on strengthening methods on crime investigation, honing the skills of the police and investigators and a better training for prosecutors.

Mr. Danilo T. Balino was the second speaker of the day as he shared all about what Community Based Dialogues (CBD) really meant.  Based from the human rights itself, his talk focused on the right of one person to express his beliefs, ideas and feelings. Balino also differentiated debate and dialogue pointing out that dialogues are collaborative while debates are a type of fight. He also highlighted the history of CBDs wherein it started on October 21, 2008 between the Philippine National Police (PNP) and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). CHR had the fundamental missions of conducting community-based dialogues annually and the promotion, protection and fulfillment of human rights.

After both speeches concluded the speakers entertained questions from the students during the open forum. Things got a little bit intense as debaters, a member of the press and a member of the legal counsel raised their opinions and brilliant questions.

One of the main goals of CHR was to get the youth more involved by looking at universities, colleges and schools against death penalty. According to Atty. Harold Cobraon, the advantage of conducting community-based dialogues is to raise student’s public awareness of current issues especially those that concerns the community and everyone who are involved.

Furthermore, Cobraon said that the activity wasn’t a propaganda and CHR still respected the fact that everyone who attended the talk was entitled to their own opinion, “It is actually a way to gather the sentiments and ideas of the participants but not to necessarily force or convince the participants to adapt an anti-death penalty opposition. It is still their choice after the dialogue whether they are supporting or against death penalty.

The dialogue ended well as students became more informed and more courageous in shaping their own stand, believing in their own choice and they had definitely raised their level of consciousness and participation towards issues that impact the nation. //

By the Grace of God

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao


  Catholic devotees religiously observe practices and traditions in celebration on the passion and death of Jesus Christ during Holy Week. It also becomes an opportunity to become vulnerable amidst solemnity, to become sad but regain strength and happiness, right in time for Easter Sunday, when our Christ has risen.

   It wasn’t grand, nor was it stellar – but I’d like to define my past week as a spiritual renewal, a newfound strength and happiness and a week that was full of passion. I was fascinated how churches got so crowded during the Holy Week – but I noticed that there were so many Catholics that attended Palm Sunday rather than Easter Sunday. Was it a connotation that Christ’s death is more celebrated than his resurrection? Perhaps. Because it bothered me that there we large gaps between seats in the parish I attended last Sunday.

   Resting wasn’t even a part of my week. Amidst academic overload, I just couldn’t find the balance between relax and stress. I was busy lay outing our magazine project- and I was so desperate in watching Korean Dramas stuck in my waiting list – but I had to finish my requirements first- and there were a lot. My entire week, I devoted it to the completion of these requirements – hopelessly hoping that somehow, I could lessen my workload this week. It was a struggle, and there are times I was unthankful for it – but I became optimistic enough to have reasons to be thankful for. First, it ignited my passion. I’ve always wanted to become a part of a magazine staff. Back in my high school days, I was frugal just to save money for a new issue. I was so into lay outing, that’s why when the magazine project came, I just got excited and for the past whole week, I just did what I had to do just so that I can impress my classmates and the outcome would somehow be “phenomenal.” Second, I came to realize that I was a creative person. I just steadily and freely let my creative juices flow as I got to explore more functions of Microsoft Publisher.

   I knew it was a bad thing to curse during Holy Week – but my mouth uncontrollably twitches and I’d always say bad words whenever my mom would interrupt my work and ask me to clean the house. It was a burden to be washing the dishes every day, cleaning the rooms and even the backyard. Thank God burning was prohibited during that week, it could have been respiratory-challenging since the smoke and fumes would become so bothersome and irritating. But I liked cleaning, and I loved the fact that I had time to arrange my books and magazines, change my bed sheets and add mega Jadine posters unto my walls.

   Holy Week would make you realize that you should pause, take a break and find yourself again. And so I did. I did things I wouldn’t usually do in school weekdays (but in between I was editing out reports and the magazine). So I bought a copy of Cosmopolitan’s April issue and with Bella Padilla on the cover and Metro’s March issue fronted by Maja Salvador .I also must confess that I still haven’t read since I really can’t escape from lay outing.  I vowed myself that I’d read them this week, but the chances are slim to none.

   Last week was also a time of vulnerability and reminiscing the past. Yes I shed some tears, and it was a psychologically-relieving and an effective way to keep stress away. Last week I was able to copy The Space Between Us and man did it made me sobbing like crazy! It was a compelling love story of two individual and it seemed that the galaxies and planets keep them away from each other. Gardner and Tulsa’s love story was groundbreaking and gravity-defying as they proved that a young man from Mars and a girl from earth could pursue their love. It made me realize that gravity isn’t the strongest force there is but love. Love is magnetically attractive, painfully repulsive and naturally connective – and so id God’s love for us. According to the Holy Scriptures specifically John 3:16:  For God so loved the World, He gave us His only Son. That whoever believes in him shall not perish but have everlasting life.


   Jesus Christ’s love has been so strong that he sacrificed his life for us – and His passion and death is the sole reason why we are celebrating the Holy Week. It was a time for penance and sacrifice. God didn’t take up our crosses because we did good things, but He was merciful enough to forgive us.

  Abstinence was also a must for us Catholics as we avoided eating meat until Easter Sunday comes.

   Jesus Christ suffered the cross, and it was fitting that we should also suffer (even just a bit). For the past Holy Weeks in my entire life, I found myself resenting the fact that there wasn’t a wide variety of television shows to watch. But last week, I found myself thankful especially to MMK’s Courageous Katie episode starred by Shaina Magdayao (who gave me goosebumps with her superb acting skills) and JC De Vera (who made me smile… because he was striking and handsome). The scene where Katie was rushed to the hospital up to her death – I just couldn’t stop crying. Then I looked for our mirror and gazed at my reflection, and it made me realize how unfair life was. Why do Kathryn Bernardo, Liza Soberano and Nadine Lustre cry flawlessly in movies, and us ordinary people… well, we look like uhm, crap? Bugling eyes and runny nose? It’s just unjustifiable. Anyways, the Maalaala Mo Kaya episode made me think that death is really inevitable, so we must make the most of our lives and make it meaningful. We must do good deeds and face every step of our lives with courage. We must not be afraid of death because there will come a time that we will all be with Him.


Lastly, the past Holy Week taught me to appreciate my family more just as Mama Mary took care of his Son until his last breath. I ended my week with so much forgiveness, so much strength, passion and inspiration. I got to spend a lot of quality time with my family last Sunday. It felt so renewing and empowering because God’s revival and resurrection gives me a new hope that I can conquer everything (and perhaps finish my academic requirements on time). Last week made me realize that life is not full of suffering but there’s also happiness. You can only achieve happiness if you’re strong enough to admit your mistakes and be humble enough to ask forgiveness. Making mistakes is quite normal since we are human beings all characterized by imperfections and shortcomings, but it doesn’t mean that we have to do it all the time just because we have a forgiving God. Doing good deeds, following God’s commandments, being humble and kind is the answer in this world of chaos and sinfulness.

   I felt more beautiful, stronger, bolder, fiercer, braver and smarter after the Holy Week and I’m thankful that I got to experience these things because it plays a big part in my personality development. Long live Jesus Christ! More passionate and reflective Holy Weeks to come for me, and for all of us. By the grace of God, I picked myself back up again.


Virtual Sentiments: A Review On The Raissa Robles Blog

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao


     Blogging. It’s a profession, a business and it can be lucrative since it would require you online presence. Enter media. Tools that are basically meant to transmit information from the sender to the receiver. First it was conceived as a means to communicate a message from a source to a large number of people, hence mass media, and now to a more interactive model, the focus has moved from one-to-many to one-too-many. Now everything has something to say. On Twitter and on blogs. Everyone has a publishable opinion virtually projected in various platforms. While the virtual realm of blogging is fed with various fields like fashion, food and travel – opinion-blogging still matters and remains to become relevant.  One of these controversial blogs is being updated by a seasoned journalist, Raissa Robles.

  Raissa Robles is the author of the blog under her name with the tagline: Inside Philippine Politics and Beyond. She is married to Alan Robles, another famous journalist who own the HOTMANILA. Both of them are opinion bloggers bravely making their blogs as an avenue to air their innermost sentiments towards current happenings in government systems as well as political issues. Most of the topics you’d find is their criticism towards the Marcos government and don’t be surprised if you’d notice that there are excessive articles about President Rodrigo Duterte – eventually they are against the EJK (Extra-Judicial Killings). As journalists, they might come off too strong and tactless – but in the perspective of opinion-blogging- what they’re doing might be ethical.

      There is evident clarity, coherence and fluency in the use of the English language throughout their blog posts. Given that their journalists, they already have a background on the usage of correct grammar, syntax and sentence structures. In fact, they use really deep English words! (Check out this link: – She shares her sentiments about authoritarianism evident on President Duterte.)

     Name-calling is very much observed as she calls our current President, Rodrigoon and his supporters as Dutertards. In fact it doesn’t only exists in blogs, but it also extends in social media as she actively shares her blog posts and quotes it accusingly. As for mudslinging, there are tons of accusations that have damaged the reputation of President Rodrigo Dutere and the late Ferdinand Marcos. (Check this posts: and ) Information (not all) might be verfied since there are back-up data that supports their claims. There are statistics, archives (of past news reports that really happened) and statements from important sources and prominent government agencies and organizations. As for blog content providers, the blog doesn’t succumb to unscientifc surveys as well, tests and unreliable sources. She uses statistics, fugures and statements from national agenices that are credible.


       In terms of principles, truth-telling might not be present at all times since it is still an opinion blog after all. It has become a tool in providing justice as netizens who have an aptitude towards political issues become intereseted and knowledgable. Contents of this blog are aimed to give justice to certain happenings especially EJK and Martial Law. Freedom is basically practied by the author since there isn’t a resstriced flow of expression and opinions. There’s no specific length per article or there isn’t anything that’s keeping her to speak up. Any issues, she finds an angle and she exposes how she wants it. As journalists in the field of blogging, it is understandable to put people in power accountable, but to destroy reputations and call them names, it is very inhumane. Stewardship as means of being responsible is slightly observed.

     Out of thre ethical commands, there are only two that are religiously observed. The blog definitely aims to seek the truth since all these opinions are aimed to expose, make a noise and persudae people to be courageous enough to know the truth about politics and Philippine governannce. The blog also acts independently since there are no advertisments  also acts independently since there are no advertisments or pop-up ads that could possibly finance the blog. The author is also accountable for things she posts as she gives time to respond to comments. But to minimize harm? Defnietely not, because the Comments section alone is enough proof that while some may take her stand, some refuse and choose to fight back with their own opinions.

Click the link and visit her blog:


Lascañas faces perjury amongst consecutive contradicting statements

     “Whoever wins in court establishes the truth,” in the case of former SPO3 Arthur Lascañas, he might obtain or forfeit the truth with his ever-changing statements regarding the alleged Davao Death Squad (DDS) and President Rodrigo Duterte’s involvement with it.

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Retired policeman SPO3 Arthur Lascañas. Obtained from: Joseph Vidal (ABS-CBN NEWS)

     MANILA, Philippines- The Senate has decided to end its probe into Arthur Lascañas’ statements against President Rodrigo Duterte after one hearing last March 6, in the suburban Pasay City.


     The Senate public order committee chair Panfilo Lacson declares that Lascañas retracted statements have no “probative” value. (Read:, the hearing was adjourned because it came from Lascañas that he would doubt his declarations if he were in the senator’s position. “It was Senator Manny Pacquiao who delivered the coup de grâce (final blow). The most revealing part for me was to hear it coming from him. That if he were in our position, he himself would doubt his actions. So we adjourned it. We could not get any further point to pursue” Lacson said.

     The investigation is now left with the authority of the Philippine National Police (PNP) and the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) regarding the information presented during the Senate hearing. In line with this, Lacson together with the Senate committee plans to establish a law that would heighten the consequence for those who’d perpetuate untruthfulness during congressional inquiries.

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Retired SPO3 Arthur Lacañas answers questions during a press conference regarding President Duterte’s alleged involvement in the Davao Death Squad. Obtained from Voltaire Domingo (ABS-CBN News)

PROFILE                                                                                                                                                 Name: Arturo Baririquit Lascañas
Birthdate: December 16, 1960
Age: 56
Date of retirement from service: December 16, 2016
Hometown: Davao City

(Information from ABS-CBN


     In a hearing conducted between September and October last year, Matobato also testified that Lacañas was the right hand of the former Mayor. Matobato claims that Lacañas was also responsible for a mosque bombing, the killings of Jun Barsabal, Salik Makdum, a dance-instructor of Jocelyn Duterte and the abduction of House Speaker Prospero Nograles.

SPO3 Arthur Lascanas refuted Matobato’s statements during a Senate hearing. Obtained from Aaron Favila (Philippine Star).

     In a separate press conference held February 20, Lacañas claimed that he was part of the DDS and he was involved in several killings under the instructions of former Davao Mayor, Rody Duterte. His other involvements include the death of suspected drug lord Allan Tancho, the bombing of a certain mosque in Davao, the murder of a certain Mr. Patasaja and his family, and the ambush of broadcaster Jun Pala DDS hitman was also involved in the Extra-Judicial Killings (EJK) in Davao. who was considered to be Duterte’s greatest critic. Lacañas also mentioned that Edgar Matobato, a whistleblower and a self-confessed

   Contradicting his latest statements was his revelations prior to the said press conference. Lacañas asserts to Senator Leila De Lima during a senate hearing (Read: – the Davao Death Squad was only a term coined by the media and everything was just hype by the media.


         Hailed as evidence, the Philippine Center of Investigative Journalism obtained a diary in the ownership of Arthur Lacañas stating how criminals and opponents of former Mayor Duterte were killed.

   The diary   (Read: is contains hand-written entries in a yellow-pad paper. A page from the diary reveals that Rodrigo Duterte’s presidential candidacy is a divine trap. “It would lead him to his political waterloo. Win or lose, sooner or later, he would become the most hated political figure in Philippine history” Lacañas wrote.

Entries of the diary owned by Lacañas and is obtained by the PCIJ (Philippine Center of Investigative Journalism) retrieved via Philippine Star

     Senator Panfilo Lacson commends that filing a perjury case against Lacañas is fitting since he lied to the Senate during his previous and recent hearings.

REPORTED BY:                                                                                                                                     Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao                                                                                                           Jesslyn Keith B. Valite                                                                                                                              Irish Lorraine R. Ramal                                                                                                                               Glydel Stiffany S. Acacio

Discalimer: Below are printscreens of keywords used in searching the necessary data prior to the creation of this news.

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Lionhearted Spirit

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao

Disney’s Moana teaches us that the greatest discovery is discovering your true self, and that the best person you can be is yourself.


     Disney remains to be the undisputed home of notable animation films that speaks naturally to the hearts of the viewers and unfailingly inspires them at the same time. Disney’s target audience has evolved throughout the years since everyone: kids and kids at heart can watch and enjoy these movies. Disney’s animation films contain a semi-theatrical production equated with LSS-songs and life-changing wisdom that makes you tear up a bit. Disney never forgets to inject the concept of love, family and friendship accompanied with fun-filled and joyous graphics that everyone would appreciate.

     Gone are the days where women are the damsels-in-distress. Disney successfully gave renaissance to strong women rescuing themselves without a prince. Remember Mulan? The Chinese maiden who saved the Emperor of China from Shan-Yu. How about Princess Elsa who accidentally covers her kingdom with ice, all she needed was Anna to thaw the frozen palace. Belle, is a smart woman who reads books in the pursuit of breaking the Beast’s spell. Disney triumphantly breaks stereotypes as the antithesis of the girly-princess had abruptly brought life to women characters emphasizing dauntlessness, intelligence, strength and the determination to make a difference.

     Disney breaks yet another feat with a frontrunner through Moana, a heart-warming tale of a Polynesian teenager’s quest to save her homeland, which brags eye-watering visuals and “eargasmic” songs. Truthfully, it emphasizes that the past must never be forgotten and that the future belongs to those who know where they truly belong.

     In the calm Motunui where coconuts are fresh and oceans are boundless. Moana resides with her mother, grandmother and her father who’s the Chief of Motunui. Moana’s grandmother shares stories about monsters and expeditions of their ancestors. As a child, Moana has come to know the demigod Maui who steals the heart of the Te Fiti (goddess of earth and fire). Her grandmother also shares that there will be one person who will save them all and that person will travel the oceans, get Maui back to return the heart of Te Fiti.

Moana 1Moana 2

     Moana was believed to be successor of her father. As she grows up- unexpectedly, coconuts have started to become rotten and the fishes in the sea were starting to become extinct. Moana smartly suggests her opinions, and lingers to the idea that they must go beyond the reef. Her father, Chief Tui angrily insists the rule that no one must leave the boundaries of the reef. Confused and partly struggling, Moana finds herself torn apart from being the chief of their hometown or venturing and sailing beyond the reef. Determined enough, her grandmother leads her to a cave where boats of her ancestors remain kept and unused. Moana discovers that her ancestors were voyagers. Moana as a child once helped a sea turtle return to the ocean and the ocean warmly appears and chooses her, she was the chosen one to save their hometown.

Moana 4Moana 3

     With the knowledge and burning desire to explore and somehow save her hometown, she suggests it to everyone. Anger filled her father’s heart and resents the idea. Heartbreaking events were starting to weave since the environment wasn’t the only person dying, but so was Moana’s grandmother. Moana was left with no choice but to drown her father’s instructions to wander the blue yonder, find Maui and restore Te Fiti’s heart.

Moana 5

     Luckily, Moana finds Maui and successfully retrieves his hook in the realm of monsters. In the course of their adventures, Moana, Maui and Moana’s dim-witted chicken, HeiHei encounter a swarm of diminutive Kakamora pirates. As their friendship blossoms, both are determined to finish their mission alas, they arrive in the island of Te Fiti to face a fiery lava monster.  Unluckily, their first attempt was a failure, with Maui’s hook damaged, he was left with the option of giving up and harshly saying to Moana that the ocean has chosen the wrong person. Maui left and Moana was in the state of confusion, wondering why the ocean chose her in the first place. Surrendering the heart of Te Fiti to the ocean, Moana gives up.

Moana 7Moana 8

     Unexpectedly a bright, blue light shines from the ocean in the form of a magnificent stingray and her grandmother’s soul surfaces. Moana’s grandmother reminds her that the universe might be against her plans, and that her journey have left her scars but those scars heal and that it revealed her true self. Moana was asked if she knew who she was. Slowly Moana finds her inner strength and comes to realize who she really is: a girl of loves her island, who loves the sea, a daughter of the island chief, a descendant of ancestral voyagers and a girl of incomparable desire to make a difference. She retrieves the heart of Te Fiti and journeys alone to complete the unfinished mission.

Moana 9Moana 10

     Moana wittingly outsmarts the lava monster, Maui comes to help her as she lands to the island of Te Fiti. Astonished, Moana couldn’t find any sign of Te Fiti until she realizes who Te Fiti was. Moana commands the ocean to dissipate so that she can come near the lava monster. Moana whispers to the monster “who you truly are” as she places the heart of Te Fiti into the spiral, and the rough rocks that concealed the monster deliberately crumbles revealing the goddess of creation, Te Fiti.

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     Te Fiti restores the harmony and the beauty of the lands that were filled with darkness. Flowers sprouted, tress grew and the land is alive once again. Te Fiti repairs Maui’s hook and gives Moana a boat which she can ride going home. Moana and Maui bids goodbye as they seal their friendship strongly, a priceless memory they will always remember. As Moana returns home safely, everyone recovers the unused boats trapped inside the cave. With the oceans now safe and the environment regaining its beauty, the whole island sails and tests the waters after a very long time.

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   Iconic as it already is, Moana is worth remembering because it is the story of a courageous female trailblazer who is independent and progressive, who cares about nature and someone who is not afraid to be herself. Indeed, Moana constantly reminds us that we should never forget who we truly are, we must carry ourselves with pride and we should always believe in ourselves.


Main Photo (Top Most):

The rest of the photos were print-screened by the author. (PrtSc+Ctrl P) AND saved as PNG photos.


DLL supports Iluko forum and ASHEL Festival

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao


    The Department of Language of and Literature (DLL) of the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) comes full force in supporting the simultaneous conducted events such as the Ilokano Nation in the Community of Nations at the University Function Hall and the 5th Association of Students in Humanities, English and Literature (ASHEL) Festival at the University Training Center (UTC) last March 3.

      DLL showed their support to student development by attending both events.

   ASHEL’s 5th Festival with the theme: Appreciating Cultural Diversity through the English Language and the Arts became an avenue for high school students to expose their artistic, literary and speaking prowess in the different contested activities aimed to support and promote the English Language. The different contested include extemporaneous speaking, poetry and love-letter writing, on-the-spot-painting, charcoal rendering and poster-slogan making.

    The festival was participated by 6 high school institutions and among them were the Igama Colleges Foundation Incorporated (Badoc) and the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) Laboratory High school (Batac) who both copped the most number of wins in the different competitions.

     ASHEL invited Sheryl Lopez Gagala, a freelance artist as their guest speaker. She gamely presented her masterpieces mostly using the materials oil pastel, acrylic paint and charcoal. In her lecture she said that art is not an innate gift, but it is enhanced and developed, “Don’t be afraid to take arts class and even if you’re too old, it’s never too late to discover and love art.”

    Gagala managed to give a demo of her painting and sketching skills done within minutes before the awarding ceremonies commenced in the afternoon. She donated her painting to be displayed in CAS.

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The painting Ms. Sheryl Lopez Gagala gave to the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) during her painting demonstration at the 5th ASHEL Festival.

    Meanwhile, Dr. Marlina L. Lino of DLL organized the Lecture forum featuring Dr. Aurelio Solver Agcaoili, a Hawaii-based coordinator of the Ilokano language and Literature program spearheaded the symposium.

   In his talk, Agcaoili points out that Filipinos have allowed public policy to become an instrument of subjugation, “We succumb to the seduction of that idea that for us to become a nation, we should be only speaking one language we call as the Tagalog Language which is the national language which is wrong.”

   Furthermore he argues that the bilingual education is the most “idiotic” public policies of the country, “the concept in the United States (US) is scholars use the mother tongue amongst Spanish-speaking people in order to progress to another language. The Filipino scholars who came back didn’t understand the philosophy of bilingual education in the US and it is adapted wrongly.”

Dr. Auerlio Agcaoili enthusiastically sign copies of his books.

     The symposium ended with a book signing on his book “Gramatika ti Kontemporaneo nga Ilokano” wherein students who had copies got an autograph and a photo opportunity with the guest speaker. He also promoted his newest book Signos which is an anthology of poems.

Y2C, Cinemalaya advocates for environmental protection with “Lakbay 2 Love”

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao

The Young Communicators’ Circle (Y2C) together with the different students from different colleges showing their love for the environment as Cinemalaya Director Ellen Ongkeko Marfil showcases her indie-movie, “Lakbay 2 Love.”

     The Young Communicators Circle (Y2C) of Mariano Marcos State University in collaboration with Cinemalaya inspires participants to protect the environment and advocate in fighting against climate change through the movie “Lakbay 2 Love” which was launched at the Teatro Ilocandia last March 2 during the second day of the YouCoMmand Congress.

     ‘Lakbay 2 Love” is the very first bike indie film aired in the Philippines and it’s produced by Erasto Films and Cinemalaya. The movie is top billed by GMA stars, Dennis Trillo and Solenn Heussaff-Bolzico. The film is directed by Ellen Ongkeko Marfil and it was originally released last January 29.

Lakbay 2 Love is the first ever bike indie film in the Philippines starring Solenn Heussaff, Dennis Trillo and Kit Thompson.

     The cum-laude film graduate from the University of the Philippines and former mainstream director shared to the participants her accomplishments, her experiences doing the movie as well as encouraging aspiring filmmakers to never give up on their dreams. In her speech, she confesses that tit took her 7 months to shoot the movie, “Solenn (Heussaff) actually had a lighter schedule, and I got to spend more time with her, it was Dennis (Trillo) who had a tight schedule. Within the 7 months, I only had 16 shooting days.”

     Karen Kay Salutan a member of the staff and production of the movie also gave a lecture tackling the history of Philippine Cinema. The Film graduate gives emphasis to the growth of technology and how it molded the indie filmmaking industry. “With the presence of DSLRs and numerous editing softwares, it is easier to make indie films because of digitalization,” she says in her lecture.

     The highlight of the event was the film viewing, wherein “Lakbay 2 Love’s” relatability and portrayal of natural circumstances in life and love earned the audiences’ positive reception towards the movie.

Y2C Adviser Ms. Irene Abegail S. Guerrero and President Legazpi Dela Cruz gives certificates of recognition and tokens of appreciation to the guest speakers, Karen Salutan and Director Ellen Ongkeko Marfil

     In an interview, Marfil clarifies the ending of her film wherein Solenn was didn’t end up with Dennis’ character or Kit (Thompson’s) character, “When you’re brokenhearted, you don’t immediately go to this guy or that guy. You need a time to heal and one way, instead of locking yourself up inside your room is going back out there and returning to nature and you realize that it has a healing capacity.” Furthermore, Marfil advices future filmmakers to find their own person, “do your own thing, money won’t be a problem. You can always find ways to make short films and engage with the world and don’t just stick with your laptops and cellphones. Those who has the information and knows how to communicate will rule the world.”

     The film was viewed by 947 participants comprising of student from MMSU, Holy Spirit Academy and Northwester University.



Y2C celebrates the power of journalism and filmmaking

By: Brett Andrew Rikke P. Bungcayao


Y2C Adviser Ms. Irene Abegail S. Guerrero and President Legazpi Dela Cruz together with Prof. Luvee Hazel Aquio awards certificate of appreciation to Mr. Nestor Corales, one of the guest speakers of the Congress.

The Young Communicators Circle (Y2C) of Mariano Marcos State University successfully conducts its 3rd YOUng COMmunicative human in Development (YouComMand) Congress at the Teatro Ilocandia last March 1 with the theme: I Share, I Connect, We Improve: Strengthening Connections.”

     The two-day congress started with an inspirational message from the organization’s adviser Ms. Irene Abegail S. Guerrero. In her address, she gives a portmanteau of words that defines the true role of a communicator such as LIeNg (Lee-aun) wherein the word means that a communicator knows when is the time to listen or speak up and EMPOPO (Emphatic + Maopopo which is “understand” in Hawaiian) meaning a communicator should readily put himself or herself in the shoes of another person so that communication will take place.

      The first guest speaker of the day, Nestor Corales who writes for Philippine Daily Inquirer talks about the necessary qualities a journalist must possess in order to become relevant and effective. In his speech he talks about the cutthroat nature in the media world and gives three rules whenever journalists commit errors: be whole enough to accept your mistakes, correct your mistakes and learn from it. Furthermore he also points out in his lecture that emotions should be injected in making news stories.

Nestor Corales

Nestor Corales gives his insights and ideas in the point of view of someone who experienced how it feels to be in the media industry.

     In an interview, Corales shares pieces of advice to aspiring journalists, “You must really love what you do. It’s true about what they say, that if every single day that if you love the thing that you do, you really won’t feel like working a day in your life. It’s fun to actually make a living out of your profession and that you’re happy with it. Undeniably corruption in the media exists in every institution. I also would like to tell aspiring journalists to read, read, and read.”

  In the afternoon, the organization’s CAS For The Community Cause (C4CC) representatives Patrick John Quitoriano, Justine Paula Agustin, Vincent Cyril Sipin, Love Joyce Umbay and Karla Auria Galeon presented their performance during the Pre-Finals round of the first-ever C4CC initiated by the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) Student Council. The performance highlighted the proposal of eco-bricks as a powerful tool in constructing classrooms and lessening the plastics that are harmful to the environment.


CAS For the Community Cause (C4CC) representatives Patrick John Quitoriano, Justine Paula Agustin, Vincent Cyril Sipin, Love Joyce Umbay and Karla Auria Galeon presenting their C4CC performance.

     Finally, the day concluded with a talk spearheaded by Jeff Bumanglag from the Lucas Films Philippines wherein his lecture shared different cinematography techniques as well as the art of filmmaking. After his speech he challenged the participants to create a one-minute film to be passed within a span of minutes. Everyone teamed up with their respective year levels and started to conceptualize their own films.

The third year BA-Communication students excitedly share their concepts to execute their one-minute films successfully.